Home CONTACT Neoplasma 2007 Neoplasma Vol.54, p.149-154, 2007

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.54, p.149-154, 2007

Title: A Molecularly Genetic Determination of Prognostic Factors of the Prostate Cancer and Their Relationships to Expression of Protein p27kip1
Author: J. DVORACKOVA, M. UVIROVA

Abstract: Loss of a part of chromosome 8p22, containing the gene LPL and amplifications of the field 8q24 comprising the c- myc oncogene are the most frequent chromosomal aberrations in prostate cancer. We aimed to find the frequency of these chromosomal abnormalities and assess their relationship to the prognosis of prostate cancer patients in relation to Gleason score and expression of p27Kip1. We chose a subgroup of 17 monitored patients who had died during five years following diagnosis, and a group of 31 surviving patients whose Gleason score exceeded 5 (Group of Gleason score 2–3). Owing to lack of tumor cells in puncture biopsies, we made hybridizations in situ and objectively evaluated the result in 35 patients out of 48. Amplification in the field for oncogene c-myc was found in 19 cases (54.2%), in 15 of these (78.9%) polyploidy of the chromosome 8 was also confirmed. Deletion of a part of chromosome 8p22 was found in 21 cases (60%). Normal findings were shown in 8 cases (22.8%) and genetic abnormalities were revealed in 27 patients (77.2%). A Chi-squared test showed the dependence of Gleason score on amplification of the c-myc gene in nonmetastasing prostate cancer. In the case of a Gleason score of group 3, abnormalities in amplification of c-myc were statistically more significant than a Gleason score of group 2 using significance according to the Fisher Exact Probability test (p=0.039). We showed that the level of expression of protein p27 Kip1 was related to abnormality of amplification of the c-myc gene. We also came to the conclusion that decreased expression of protein p27 Kip1 is related the c- myc amplification.

Keywords: 8p22 loss, 8q24 amplification, prostate cancer, Gleason ’s score, p27Kip1, prognosis
Year: 2007, Volume: 54, Issue: Page From: 149, Page To: 154

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