Home CONTACT Neoplasma 2007 Neoplasma Vol.54, p.195-201, 2007

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

Published in English

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Neoplasma Vol.54, p.195-201, 2007

Title: Radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cell lines: the impact of polymorphisms in DNA repair genes

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells in vitro and to assess the relationship between genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and the response of cells to ionizing radiation. The alkaline comet assay as a predictive assay of radiosensitivity was used to examine the susceptibility of four human cervical cancer cell lines (CaSki, C-33A, HeLa and SiHa) to radiation damages. The initial DNA damage and the residual DNA damage at 15, 30, 45 and 60 min after irradiation were assessed. Genotypes of DNA repair genes (XRCC1, hOGG1, PARP, XPD, XRCC3 and XRCC4) were analyzed by PCR-RFLP assays. The comet data clearly indicate a variable but dose-dependent increase in the initial DNA damage in all cell lines. The highest slope of dose response curve was observed in C-33A cells and this cell line was assumed to be radiosensitive. All cell lines repaired DNA damage in a similar manner, the level of DNA strand breakage has returned near the background level within 45 min after irradiation. According to the genotype we found that C-33A cells are polymorphic in the majority of analyzed DNA repair genes. This pilot study indicated associations between polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and cell radiosensitivity.

Keywords: cellular radiosensitivity, DNA damage, DNA repair, DNA repair gene polymorphisms
Year: 2007, Volume: 54, Issue: Page From: 195, Page To: 201

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