Home Neoplasma 2007 Neoplasma Vol.54, p.503-510, 2007

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.54, p.503-510, 2007

Title: JNK2 and p38 MAPK over-expressions do not represent key events in chronic myeloid leukemia transformation

Abstract: Over-expression of two members of MAP kinase family (JNK2 and p38) has been already observed in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In the present study, significance of this deregulation was investigated. Impacts of JNK2/p38 suppression on gene expression profile of CML cell lines (K562/KU-812) were studied using an experimental approach that combines siRNA-mediated specific inhibition of the genes and array-based expression analyses. After JNK2 depletion, 27 out of 588 tested genes showed significant expression changes, with 13 down-regulated genes and 14 up-regulated genes. Among others, expression of MSH2 and MSH6, mdm2, and caspase-2 was reduced and, on the other hand, MKK1 and MKK6, RFC2, cytokeratins K18 and K19, BAD, and DR5 expression was up-regulated. In the case of p38 silencing, 20 genes were considered as significantly deregulated (7 genes reduced, 13 over-expressed). These genes included caspase-10, SOD1, and Notch4 (down-regulation) and caspase-2 and caspase-3, CDC2, CDK4, and c-kit (up-regulation). In conclusion, comparison of expression profiles after JNK2 or p38 gene silencing revealed distinct sets of affected genes. The results implied an unequal impact of the MAPK deregulation on the CML cells. Further, we demonstrated that neither JNK2 nor p38 siRNAmediated inhibition led to significant change of CML cell proliferation. It suggests that there are other important, likely upstream regulators essential for CML malignant cell growth/transformation; therefore, separate inhibition of JNK2 or p38 MAPK gene is not sufficient for a proliferation arrest.

Keywords: expression arrays; JNK2; MAPK; p38; siRNA
Year: 2007, Volume: 54, Issue: Page From: 503, Page To: 510

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