Home Neoplasma 2008 Neoplasma Vol.55, No.2, p.122-126, 2008

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.55, No.2, p.122-126, 2008

Title: Neoadjuvant Therapy with Celecoxib to Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer

Abstract: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is preferentially expressed in breast cancer cells compared to normal breast tissue. COX-2 inhibitors are, therefore, potential therapeutic options for patients with breast cancer. Women newly diagnosed with non metastatic breast cancer were enrolled into the study after undergoing a diagnostic core needle biopsy. Patients received celecoxib treatment at 400 mg orally twice a day for 14 days, and then underwent surgical excision of their tumor. Core biopsies obtained at the time of initial diagnostic procedure and surgical excision specimens were stained for Ki-67, as well as COX-2 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) expression (as an apoptosis marker). Appropriate negative and positive controls were included. We assessed the difference in Ki-67, COX-2 and cleaved PARP expression levels, before and after treatment using the Wilcoxon’s matched-pair ranks test and the McNemar’s test with continuity correction. Sixteen patients were enrolled. The median age was 54 years. ER and/or PR expression was present in 81% of tumors; Her-2 neu overexpression was present in 25%. No significant change in COX-2 or cleaved PARP expression was noticed in the post intervention specimen compared to the core biopsies. Surprisingly, there was a significant increase in the Ki-67 expression (p

Keywords: Breast cancer, Celecoxib, Neoadjuvant therapy
Year: 2008, Volume: 55, Issue: 2 Page From: 122, Page To: 126

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