Home CONTACT Neoplasma 2008 Neoplasma Vol.55, No.4, p.338-344, 2008

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.55, No.4, p.338-344, 2008

Title: Cytotoxicity of copper(II) complexes of N-salicylidene-L-glutamate: modulation by ascorbic acid

Abstract: Cytotoxic/cytostatic activity of N-salicylidene-L-glutamato diaqua copper(II) complex (CuC) against mice leukemia cells L1210 has been estimated and their bioactivity was enhanced by addition of ascorbic acid. The Cu-complex with isoquinoline ligand (IQ-CuC) had stronger cytostatic effect (IC50 =15.6 μM) than parental complex (CuC) and its cytotoxicity several times increased in the presence of 0.1 mM ascorbic acid (IC50 =1.0 μM). The cytotoxicity has been caused by oxidative stress, enhanced creation of TBARS has been confirmed, and formation of 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein from 2',7'- dichlorodihydrofluorescein has been observed, also. Some hallmarks of apoptotic/necrotic death of L1210 cells have been observed by fluorescent microscopy after dyeing of cell with propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342. In addition, it was confirmed that both complexes in the presence of ascorbic acid cleavaged of pDNA. Although these copper complexes were initially prepared as substances with antioxidant properties we have showed that combined treatment of L1210 cells with IQCuC and ascorbic acid induced strong oxidative stress and death of cells. Our results confirmed that physiological concentration of ascorbic acid increases the cytostatic/cytotoxic efficiency of N-salicylidene-L-glutamato diaqua copper(II) complexes.

Keywords: copper complex, ascorbate, leukemia, anticancer, oxidative stress
Year: 2008, Volume: 55, Issue: 4 Page From: 338, Page To: 344

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