Home Neoplasma 2008 Neoplasma Vol.55, No.6, p.538-543, 2008

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.55, No.6, p.538-543, 2008

Title: Neoplastic effects of exemestane in premenopausal breast cancer model

Abstract: Aromatase inhibitor exemestane as a single – agent has no established role in the treatment of premenopausal breast cancer women. The aim of this study was to evaluate preventive effects of exemestane in the model of premenopausal Nmethyl- N-nitrosourea – induced mammary carcinogenesis in female rats. Exemestane treatment begun 7 days prior to carcinogen administration and continued next 12 weeks – till the end of experiment. Exemestane was dietary administered in two concentrations of 1 mg / 1kg (EXE 1), or 10 mg/1 kg (EXE 10), respectively. Exemestane increased the tumor frequency by 80.5 % (P=0.034) in the group EXE 1 and by 61.5 % (P=0.045) in the group EXE 10 in comparison with control animals. In the group EXE 10, the incidence of mammary tumors was increased by 11.5 % (P=0.31) and tumor volume by 41.5 % (P=0.23), also the latency was shortened by 8 days (P=0.078) compared with controls. In the groups with exemestane, changes in weights and histology of uterus and vagina were not found at the end of experiment. Exemestane did not alter serum concentrations of estradiol, testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone. In the group EXE 10 in comparison with untreated animals, exemestane decreased serum concentrations of triacylglycerols by 9 % (P=0.032), total cholesterol by 19.5 % (P=0.0002) and cholesterol of low – density and high – density lipoprotein fractions by 41 % (P

Keywords: mammary carcinogenesis, rat, chemoprevention, exemestane, aromatase inhibitors.
Year: 2008, Volume: 55, Issue: 6 Page From: 538, Page To: 543

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