Home Studia Psychologica 2006 Studia Psychologica Vol.48, No.4, p.311-332, 2006

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Studia Psychologica Vol.48, No.4, p.311-332, 2006

Author: Maja ZUPANCIC, Alenka GRIL, Tina KAVCIC

Abstract: The Inventory of Child Individual Differences (Halverson et al., 2003), a recently developed age- and culture-decentred assessment tool based on parental free descriptions, was administered to 1043 mothers of children and adolescents aged from 2 to 14 years. The principal component analysis of 15 mid-level personality traits resulted in five robust domains interpreted as conscientiousness, extraversion, disagreeableness, openness/intellect and neuroticism. The trait-scales and the five components were internally reliable across the five age-groups, toddlerhood, early, middle and late childhood, and early adolescence. Small age and gender effects on the component- and trait-scores suggested an age decline in disagreeableness, mostly due to decreases in antagonism and strong will, while an inconsistent age effect was obtained with respect to openness/intellect. Girls were rated slightly higher in conscientiousness than were boys, who were, in turn, attributed somewhat higher levels of neuroticism in comparison to the girls. At the trait level, compliance increased with age and inconsistent age differences were revealed for activity. The girls were ascribed some more achievement orientation, compliance and organization in comparison to the boys who were assessed as more antagonistic, active, distractible and fearful/insecure.

Keywords: Five-Factor Model, childhood, adolescence, age trends, gender differences
Year: 2006, Volume: 48, Issue: 4 Page From: 311, Page To: 332

Price: 11.00 €

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