Home Acta Virologica 2003 Acta Virologica Vol.47, p.173-177, 2003

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Quarterly, 72-88 pp. per issue
Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

Published in English

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Acta Virologica Vol.47, p.173-177, 2003

Title: ISOLATES OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS FROM INDIA ARE OF VERY VIRULENT PHENOTYPE
Author: Indervesh, A.K Tiwari, R.S Kataria, K.N. Viswas, M.V. Bais, V.V.S. Suryanarayana

Abstract: Four Indian field isolates, a classical virulent and an attenuated vaccine strains of Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) have been characterized by sequence analysis of part of the VP1 gene (from nucleotide 1538–1979) comprising one of viral RNA dependent RNA polymerase motifs. Sequence alignment of these viruses with reported viruses of other countries revealed Indian IBDV field isolates to be 100% similar to very virulent Japanese (OKYM), European (UK661) and Bangladesh (BD3/99) IBD viruses at amino acid level, whereas they had 0.2–0.9% divergence at nucleotide level. Out of the total 24 nucleotide changes found in the Indian field isolates, as well as reported very virulent viruses, only one resulted in amino acid change S-P at 562 position. The Indian field isolates displayed nucleotide divergence of 10.6–11.6% and amino acid divergence of 2.8–3.5% from the classical virulent and attenuated vaccine strains. The RNA dependent RNA polymerase motif from amino acid 528–541, present in the sequence analyzed, was conserved among all the viruses, irrespective of pathotype and serotype. In the phylogenetic tree, based on nucleotide sequence, Indian field viruses were grouped with reported very virulent viruses in one lineage whereas, classical virulent, attenuated vaccine and serotype 2 strains formed part of the second lineage. But in the phylogenetic tree based on amino acid sequence alignment, the serotype 2 strain OH grouped with Indian field isolates and reported very virulent viruses in one lineage and classical virulent and attenuated vaccine strains formed the second lineage.

Keywords: Infectious bursal disease virus; VP1 gene; nucleotide sequence
Year: 2003, Volume: 47, Issue: Page From: 173, Page To: 177



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