Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2007 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.26, p.298-305, 2007

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.26, p.298-305, 2007

Title: Neural chaos and schizophrenia
Author: P. Bob, J. Chladek, M. Susta1, K. Glaslova, F. Jagla, M. Kukleta

Abstract: Recent data indicate that random-like processes are related to the defects in the organization of semantic memory in schizophrenia which is more disorganized and less definable than those of controls with more semantic links and more bizarre and atypical associations. These aspects of schizophrenic cognition are similar to characteristics of chaotic nonlinear dynamical systems. In this context, the hypothesis tested in this study is that dynamic changes of electrodermal activity (EDA) as a measure of brain and autonomic activity may serve as a characteristic which can be used as an indicator of possible neural chaotic process in schizophrenia. In the present study, bilateral EDA in rest conditions were measured in 40 schizophrenic patients and 40 healthy subjects. Results of nonlinear and statistical analysis indicate left-side significant differences of positive largest Lyapunov exponents in schizophrenia patients compared to the control group. This might be interpreted that the neural activity during rest in schizophrenic patients is significantly more chaotic than in the control group. The relationship was confirmed by surrogate data testing. These data suggest that increased neural chaos in patients with schizophrenia may influence brain processes that can cause random-like disorganization of mental processes.

Keywords: EDA — Lyapunov exponent — Schizophrenia — Chaos
Year: 2007, Volume: 26, Issue: Page From: 298, Page To: 305

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