Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2008 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.27, p.12-18, 2008

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.27, p.12-18, 2008

Title: Enhanced early after-myocardial infarction concentration of TNF-α subsequently increased circulating and myocardial adrenomedullin in spontaneously hypertensive rats
Author: J. Drimal, V. Knezl, E. Paulovicova, D. Drimal

Abstract: Both inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the cardiac protective peptide adrenomedullin (AM) are increased in cardiac tissues and plasma in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and chronic heart failure. Recently they have been increasingly recognized as important factors in the pathophysiology of MI and resultant congestive heart failure. Compared with sham-operated spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we investigated myocardial immunoreactivity of TNF-α and AM and also their mutual relations in vivo in SHR+MI. Residual myocardial depression after MI was studied also in isolated perfused hearts. In chronic experiments, 24 and 48 h after permanent ligation of the descending anterior branch of the left coronary artery, we examined hemodynamics, plasma and myocardial peptide levels. Left ventricular function was assessed in isolated perfused hearts subjected to “global ischemia and reperfusion” and after induction of “calcium paradox”. Circulating and myocardial TNF-α concentrations increased early after MI in SHR. Studies with global ischemia and calcium paradox in isolated heart showed early myocardial depression and calcium-dependent gradual increase of left-ventricular end-diastolic pressure. In the SHR+MI myocardial AM concentrations were increased 9- and 49-fold after respective 24 h and culminated 48 h following MI. Circulating and myocardial AM was increased in SHR+MI in association with TNFα-induced myocardial depression. The both studied cardiac parameters displayed the beneficial effect of the enhanced myocardial AM concentration.

Keywords: Adrenomedullin — Tumor necrosis factor-α — Radioimmunoassays — Spontaneously Hypertensive rat — Myocardial infarction — Isolated perfused heart — Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
Year: 2008, Volume: 27, Issue: Page From: 12, Page To: 18

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