Home HOME Neoplasma 2004 Neoplasma Vol.51, p.223-227, 2004

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Neoplasma Vol.51, p.223-227, 2004

Title: Chromosome aberrations in de novo acute myeloid leukemia patients in Kuwait
Author: S. AL, BAHAR ; R., PANDITA ; K., BAVISHI ; O., KREZE ; S., NATH ;

Abstract: Cytogenetic analysis was successfully performed at the time of diagnosis in 45 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia, including 10 children and 35 adults. In approximately 73% of AML patients (35 patients) clonal chromosome abnormalities were detected at the time of diagnosis. Twelve patients (22.8%) had apparently normal karyotypes. Recurring aberrations found in 22 of patients with abnormal karyotypes included t(15;17)(q22;q11), t(8;21)(q22;q22), inv(16)(p13q22), trisomy 8, monosomy 7 and del(5q). The highest frequency of chromosome changes was observed in AML-M3. The occurrence of the classical cytogenetic abnormalities was not a ubiquitous phenomenon. In 11 patients previously not described miscellaneous clonal chromosomal abnormalities were detected. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities detected in AML have shown correlations between specific recurrent chromosomal abnormalities and clinico-biological characteristics of the patients, therefore have been repeatedly shown to constitute markers of diagnostic and prognostic significance. Moreover, ongoing cytogenetic analysis can identify new nonrandom chromosome aberrations in AML and contribute to the identification of novel genes involved in the development of cancer, which can lead to better understanding of the disease pathogenesis.

Keywords: acute myeloid leukemia, cancer cytogenetics, chromosomal abnormalities
Year: 2004, Volume: 51, Issue: Page From: 223, Page To: 227

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