Home FOR AUTHORS Neoplasma 2005 Neoplasma Vol.52, p.126-136, 2005

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.52, p.126-136, 2005

Title: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) agonists affect cell viability, apoptosis and expression of cell cycle related proteins in cell lines of glial brain tumors

Abstract: The nuclear receptors PPARs (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors) are transcription factors activated by specific ligands. PPARs play an important role in carcinogenesis, inflammation, atherosclerosis, lipid metabolism and diabetes. There is evidence that activation of PPARs by specific ligands is able to suppress the growth of different types of human cancer by mechanisms including the growth arrest, apoptosis and induction of differentiation, although the detailed signalling pathways have not been completely elucidated to date. The aim of our study was to determine whether synthetic ligands of PPARa and PPARg could affect the viability, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and expression of some cell cycle related proteins in glial tumor cell lines. The study was performed on human glioblastoma cell lines U-87 MG, T98G, A172 and U-118 MG. Cell lines were treated by ligands of PPARa (bezafibrate, gemfibrozil) and PPARg (ciglitazone). MTT, flow cytometry, TUNEL assay and immunoblotting were used for detection of changes in cell viability, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Bezafibrate, ciglitazone and gemfibrozil inhibited viability of glioblastoma cell lines. The synthetic ligands significantly reduced or induced the expression of cyclins, p27Kip1, p21Waf1/Cip1, MDM-2, Bcl-2, Bax, PARP, Caspase 3, androgen receptors, etc. and did not affect the expression of the differentiation marker GFAP. Flow cytometry confirmed arrest of the cell cycle although the detection of apoptosis was controversial. Apart from hypolipidemic and hypoglycaemic effects, PPAR ligands may also have significant cytostatic effects of potential use in anticancer treatment.

Keywords: PPAR, glioblastoma, cell cycle, apoptosis, fibrates, thiazolidinediones
Year: 2005, Volume: 52, Issue: Page From: 126, Page To: 136

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