Home HOME Neoplasma 2004 Neoplasma Vol.51, p.1-11, 2004

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ISSN 0028-2685
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Neoplasma Vol.51, p.1-11, 2004

Title: Inhibition of puromycin-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells by IGF-I occurs simultaneously with increased protein synthesis

Abstract: The objective of the following work was to study the apoptosis inducing effect of puromycin in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and compare this effect with cycloheximide and emetine, 2 other inhibitors of protein synthesis. We also wished to investigate if the apoptosis modulating effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was similar for the 3 inhibitors. An immunological assay, quantifying mono- and oligonucleosome fragments and morphological criteria after nuclear staining, were used to study apoptosis. Protein synthesis was measured by incorporation of 3H-leucine in the cells, and solution hybridization and Western blot were performed to estimate IGF-I receptor m-RNA and IGF-I receptor protein respectively. Puromycin at 0.5 µg/ml induced a high level of apoptosis in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, although there was still a non-negligible amount of synthesized protein. In the case of cycloheximide and emetine, apoptosis occured when protein synthesis was almost completely blocked. IGF-1 at a concentration of 10 ng/ml significantly reduced the level of apoptosis induced by puromycin, emetine, or cycloheximide. We also noticed a parallel increase in 3H-leucine incorporation when apoptosis induced by puromycin was lowered as an effect of IGF-1, in contrast to cycloheximide and emetine where IGF-1 reduced the apoptosis level without increasing the 3H-leucine incorporation. At a higher concentration of puromycin (5.7 µg/ml), which blocked protein synthesis, IGF-1 at 10 ng/ml did not reduce apoptosis. The level of IGF-1 receptor m-RNA was not influenced by the use of a concentration of puromycin (0.5 µg/ml) inducing a high degree of apoptosis. These results suggest, that reduction of puromycin-induced apoptosis by IGF-1 occurs simultaneously with increased protein synthesis, in contrast to emetine and cycloheximide. Furthermore it would appear that puromycin-induced apoptosis is not caused by reduced levels of IGF-1 receptors.

Keywords: growth factors, cycloheximide, emetine, puromycin
Year: 2004, Volume: 51, Issue: Page From: 1, Page To: 11

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