Home Neoplasma 2003 Neoplasma Vol.50, p.438-442, 2003

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.50, p.438-442, 2003

Title: The clinical characteristics and the role of surgery and imatinib treatment in patients with liver metastases from c-Kit positive gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical features of the group of c-KIT positive GIST patients with liver metastases evaluated and treated in two referral institutions as well as to attempt to define the role of surgery in the management of GIST given the emergence to imatinib as an important part of treatment strategy in GIST patients. Between August 2001 and December 2002, 90 patients with c-KIT positive GIST were referred to our institutions. In 50 patients metastatic disease were disclosed. Of these, 35 patients (35/50; 70%) were rendered to have liver metastases and therefore offered imatinib or surgical therapy depend on CT assessment. The median follow-up of these 35 patients calculated from the time of first operation was 23 months (range 3-246 months). Male patients comprised the majority of patients (70%) with liver metastases. In 14 patients (40%) the metastases were confined only to the liver, in the others 21 patients (60%) the liver metastases were accompanied by intraperitoneal dissemination (17; 48.6%) or local recurrences (4; 11.4%). The period of time between the diagnosis of primary lesion and occurring liver metastases ranged from 0 to 164 months (median time of liver metastases presentation was 16 months for patients undergone primary curative surgery). The liver metastases were estimated as resectable in 3 cases (8.6%) and hepatic resection of all gross lesions was possible. Group of 32 patients with unresectable liver involvement was considered to treatment with imatinib. The median time of imatinib treatment for survivors is 7.5 months (range: 3.5-18.5 months). Twelve patients (37.5%) demonstrated partial response (PR) and 16 patients (50%) stable disease (SD) according to RECIST criteria. We did not observe any complete response (CR). At median follow-up 7 months, 32 of 35 patients (91.4%) were alive, 3 patients (8.6%)remained free of disease and 28 patients (87.5%) remained on imatinib treatment and have maintained disease although with partial response or stabilization only. Radical surgical resection remains the only possibility of cure for GIST patients because the complete response after imatinib therapy is restricted to a few patients only. However, despite the advanced metastatic disease, approximately 90% of patients are alive and continue imatinib treatment with median follow-up time more than 7 months. Surgery in combination with adjuvant imatinib treatment may result in improved survival with patients with advanced GIST.

Year: 2003, Volume: 50, Issue: Page From: 438, Page To: 442

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