Home CONTACT Neoplasma 2005 Neoplasma Vol.52, p.330-337, 2005

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.52, p.330-337, 2005

Title: Lack of STAT 1 phosphorylation at TYR 701 by IFN correlates with disease outcome in melanoma patients

Abstract: STAT 1, a member of signal transducer and transcription activator family has been implicated as key downstream mediator of interferon (IFN) signaling. Its functional activation requires phosphorylation at Tyr 701 and Ser 727 residues. Various STAT abnormalities have been found in cancer cells but their relation to oncogenesis, tumor behavior and disease outcome remains mostly unknown. We have examined the inducibility of STAT 1 phosphorylation by IFN alpfa/gamma in primary cultures established from melanoma lymph node metastases at first progression and correlated our results with disease outcome and overall survival. Forty-four patients at clinical stage I–III at initial diagnosis entered the study. STAT 1 inducibility of phosphorylation by IFNs was assessed in melanoma cell lysates by means of standard immunoprecipitation and Western blotting using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. Lack of STAT 1 phosphorylation at Ser 727 after either IFN was recorded in 75% of patients, however, no correlations with disease evolution could be proved. In contrast, STAT 1 phosphorylation response at Tyr 701 after IFNalpha occurred in 13 (29.5%) and after IFNgamma in 32 (73%) patients. Inducibility of STAT 1 activation at Tyr 701 but not at Ser 727 driven by IFNgamma but not by IFNalpha significantly and favorably influenced disease- free interval and overall survival. In conclusion, these results show that the absence of IFNgamma inducibility of STAT 1 phosphorylation at Tyr 701 positively correlates with disease outcome in malignant melanoma patients and may represent new independent prognostic marker.

Keywords: STAT 1 activation, interferons, malignant melanoma, disease prognosis
Year: 2005, Volume: 52, Issue: Page From: 330, Page To: 337

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