Home Neoplasma 2006 Neoplasma Vol.53, p.485-491, 2006

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6 times a year.
Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

Published in English

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Neoplasma Vol.53, p.485-491, 2006

Title: Reduction of DNA-damaging effects of anti-HIV drug 3’-azido-3’-dideoxythymidine on human cells by ursolic acid and lignin biopolymer

Abstract: In this study we verified our assumption that the genotoxicity of the effective anti-HIV drug 3’-azido-3’-dideoxythymidine (AZT) on human cells could be reduced by non-toxic concentrations of two antioxidants that occur frequently in nature (ursolic acid and lignin biopolymer). Cytotoxicity of these natural compounds, well-known by their antimutagenic effects, was evaluated by the trypan blue exclusion technique. Genotoxic activity of AZT was measured on the basis of AZT-induced single and double strand breaks to DNA in two histopathologically different types of human cells, hepatoma cells HepG2 and colonic cells Caco-2. Induction of DNA strand breaks was measured by the comet assay processed in parallel at pH≥13.0 (standard alkaline technique which enables to recognize single strand DNA breaks of different origin) and at pH=9.0 (neutral technique which enables to recognize double strand DNA breaks). As the level of AZT-induced double strand DNA breaks was rather low, protective effects of the antioxidants tested were evaluated only against AZT-induced single strand DNA breaks by the standard alkaline comet assay. Our findings showed that 1 h pre-incubation of cells with ursolic acid or lignin preceding to 3 h treatment of cells with AZT (3 mg/ml) significantly decreased in both cell types the level of AZT-induced single strand DNAbreaks. Pre-incubation of HepG2 or Caco-2 cells with a mixture of both natural antioxidants did not increase the effects of individual treatments. This study confirms that AZT is genotoxic toward both used cell types of human origin and that ursolic acid and biopolymer lignin can protect the cells studied against genotoxic effect of AZT.

Keywords: alkaline and neutral comet assay, human cells HepG2 and Caco-2, ursolic acid, lignin biopolymer
Year: 2006, Volume: 53, Issue: Page From: 485, Page To: 491

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