Home Neoplasma 2006 Neoplasma Vol.53, p.518-523, 2006

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.53, p.518-523, 2006

Title: Constitutive NF-kappaB activity in colorectal cancer cells: impact on radiation-induced NF-kappaB activity, radiosensitivity, and apoptosis

Abstract: Constitutive NF-κB activity has been found in many cancer cells of different origin. In our study we focused on constitutive NF-κB activity and its impact on radiation-induced NF-κB activity, intrinsic radiosensitivity, and apoptosis. Using colorectal cancer cell lines (Caco-2, SW480, SW620) we demonstrated that each cell line expresses different level of constitutive NF-κB activity. Moreover, irradiation caused secondary NF-κB activation which differed in each cell line. The cell lines tested displayed also different intrinsic radiosensitivities as was determined by clonogenic assay, and different spontaneous and radiation-induced apoptosis determined by activity of caspase 3. Complex analysis of our results revealed that there was a strong correlation between constitutive NF-κB activity and radiation-induced NF-κB activity (r=0.835), the level of constitutive NF-κB activity predicted the level of secondary, radiation-induced NF-κB activity. Furthermore, SW620 cells with the highest level of constitutive NF-κB activity displayed the lowest radiosensitivity and the lowest level of spontaneous apoptosis; Caco-2 cells with almost undetectable level of constitutive NF-κB activity displayed the highest radiosensitivity and even highest level of spontaneous apoptosis. SW480 cells showed intermediate level of constitutive NF-κB activity, intermediate radiosensitivity and intermediate level of spontaneous apoptosis. Our data suggest that the level of constitutive NF-κB activity may predict radiosensitivity of colorectal cancer cells. Such prediction may allow the individualization of patient treatment by radiotherapy.

Keywords: NF-kappaB, colorectal cancer, prediction, radiosensitivity, apoptosis
Year: 2006, Volume: 53, Issue: Page From: 518, Page To: 523

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