Home HOME Neoplasma 2009 Neoplasma Vol.56, No.3, p.202-207, 2009

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.56, No.3, p.202-207, 2009

Title: Imatinib is a substrate for various multidrug resistance proteins

Abstract: An increasing resistance to imatinib is an emerging problem in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The aim of the study was to asses mechanisms related to cellular drug resistance in imatinib-resistant derivates of chronic myeloid leukemia K-562 cell line. A parental K-562 and its imatinib-resistant derivate cell lines were used. Cell lines were tested for cytotoxicity of imatinib, cytarabine, busulfan and etoposide by the MTT assay. The cytotoxicity was expressed as IC50, inhibitory concentration for 50% of cells. Multidrug resistance proteins expression, rhodamine retention and daunorubicin accumulation were measured for each cell line. Continuous exposition of K-562 cell line to 0.01-0.02 mM imatinib resulted in development of resistance, while exposition to 0.1 µM imatinib increased cell sensitivity to this drug. There was a high correlation between PGP, MRP1 and LRP expression and IC50 values for imatinib and etoposide. All tested cell lines were highly resistant to cytarabine. Rhodamine retention alone and in the presence of cyclosporine was the lowest in imatinib-resistant K-562R-0.1 cell line, what suggest high PGP activity in this cell line. The highest daunorubicin accumulation was observed in parental K-562 cell line, while it was lower in imatinib-resistant cell lines. These data suggest that imatinib is a substrate for multidrug resistance proteins, and an increased expression of PGP, MRP1 and LRP play a role in resistance to imatinib in CML.

Keywords: imatinib, multidrug resistance proteins, chronic myeloid leukemia, PGP, MRP1, LRP
Year: 2009, Volume: 56, Issue: 3 Page From: 202, Page To: 207

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