Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2009 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.28, No.2, p.195–209, 2009

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.28, No.2, p.195–209, 2009

Title: Oxidative injury induced by hypochlorous acid to Ca-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle and protective effect of trolox
Author: Miriam Strosova, Jana Karlovska, Corinne M. Spickett, Tilman Grune, Zuzana Orszagova, Lubica Horakova

Abstract: Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) concentration-dependently decreased ATPase activity and SH groups of pure Ca-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SERCA) of rabbit skeletal muscle with IC50 of 150 µmol/l and 6.6 µmol/l, respectively. This indicates that SH goups were not critical for impairment of Ca-ATPase activity. Pure Ca-ATPase activity was analysed individually with respect to both substrates, Ca2+ and ATP. Concerning dependence of ATPase activity on HOCl (150 µmol/l) as a function of free Ca2+ and ATP, Vmax of both dependences decreased significantly, while the affinities to individual substrates were not influenced, with the exception of the regulatory binding site of ATP.
On increasing HOCl concentration, fluorescence of fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate (FITC) decreased, indicating binding of HOCl to nucleotide binding site of SERCA. A new fragment appeared at 75 kDa after HOCl oxidation of SR, indicating fragmentation of SERCA. Fragmentation may be associated with protein carbonyl formation. The density of protein carbonyl bands at 75 and 110 kDa increased concentration- and time-dependently.
Trolox (250 µmol/l) recovered the Ca-ATPase activity decrease induced by HOCl, probably by changing conformational properties of the Ca-ATPase protein. Trolox inhibited FITC binding to SERCA.

Keywords: Ca-ATPase — HOCl oxidative stress — Trolox
Year: 2009, Volume: 28, Issue: 2 Page From: 195, Page To: 209

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