Home HOME General Physiology and Biophysics 2009 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.28, No.4, p.325–330, 2009

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.28, No.4, p.325–330, 2009

Title: Carboxymethylated tetrahydropyridoindoles as aldose reductase inhibitors: in vitro selectivity study in intact rat erythrocytes in relation to glycolytic pathway
Author: Maria Juskova, Vladimir Snirc, Alena Gajdosikova, Andrej Gajdosik, Ludmila Krizanova and Milan Stefek

Abstract: Oxidative stress and polyol pathway hypotheses are generally accepted in the etiology of diabetic complications. Recently, novel carboxymethylated pyridoindoles, structural analogues of the efficient chain-breaking antioxidant stobadine, were designed, synthesised and characterised as prospective aldose reductase inhibitors endowed with antioxidant activity. Of them (2-benzyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole-8-yl)-acetic acid (compound 1) and (2-phenethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole-8-yl)-acetic acid (compound 2) were found to be the most efficient inhibitors of aldose reductase with the corresponding IC50 values in a micromolar region. The aim of this work was to study cellular uptake of the novel pyridoindole derivatives and their effect on the complex metabolism of glucose in isolated rat erythrocytes under euglycaemic conditions. Glycolysis was shown to be the sole process responsible for the observed clearance of glucose. The compounds studied were avidly taken up by the cells, yet they did not significantly affect glucose consumption and lactate production nor did they affect osmotic fragility of the erythrocytes. On balance, the present experimental findings indicate that compounds 1 and 2, efficient inhibitors of aldose reductase, are selective in relation to the glycolytic pathway of glucose elimination. This conclusion supports current preclinical development of novel carboxymethylated tetrahydropyridoindoles as promising aldose reductase inhibitors for pharmacological prevention and treatment of diabetic complications.

Keywords: Tetrahydropyridoindoles — Aldose reductase inhibitors — Glycolysis — Polyol pathway — Rat erythrocytes
Year: 2009, Volume: 28, Issue: 4 Page From: 325, Page To: 330

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