Home Neoplasma 2010 Neoplasma Vol.57, No.6, p.501-506, 2010

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.57, No.6, p.501-506, 2010

Title: Antisense oligonucleotide targeting survivin inhibits growth by inducing apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells MG-63
Author: Y. F. WU, X. J. LIANG, Y. Y. LIU, W. GONG, J. X. LIU, X. P. WANG, Z. Q. ZHUANG, Y. GUO, H. Y. SHEN

Abstract: Survivin may play an important role in the development of osteosarcoma. In this study, we chose osteosarcoma cell line MG-63, which highly expressed survivin, to observe the effects of antisense oligonucleotide targeting survivin on the apoptosis induction and proliferation inhibition. It was shown in our results that the apoptosis rate and the proliferation inhibition rate increased significantly in survivin-positive cells MG-63 by using MTT and flow cytometry methods. We found that the growth inhibition rate and apoptosis rate were changed in a dose-dependent way. When the concentration of antisurvivin oligonucleotide was 600 nM, the effects reached the peak. RT-PCR and western-blot methods were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of survivin in MG-63. We observed that the mRNA and protein expression of survivin reduced after transfected with antisurvivin oligonucleotides at the concentration of 200 nM, 400 nM and 600 nM. At the same time, we found that the mRNA and protein expression of Fas were up-regulated with the concentration of antisurvivin oligonucleotides from 200 nM to 600 nM. It was negative associated with the expression change of survivin. These data suggested that survivin should play an important role in the development of osteosarcoma and the survivin blockaded by using antisurvivin oligonucleotide could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of osteosarcoma by decreasing the expression of survivin and activate the Fas-mediated apoptosis. Down-regulation of survivin by antisense oligonucleotide might be an effective strategy to the treatment of osteosarcoma and might improve the therapeutic effect.

Keywords: osteosarcoma, Survivin, apoptosis, Fas
Year: 2010, Volume: 57, Issue: 6 Page From: 501, Page To: 506

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