Home Studia Psychologica 2010 Studia Psychologica Vol.52, No.3, p.243-251, 2010

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Studia Psychologica Vol.52, No.3, p.243-251, 2010

Author: Pavel ŘÍČAN, Jiří LUKAVSKÝ, Pavlína JANOŠOVÁ, Jan ŠTOCHL

Abstract: The focus of this study is verification of the cross-cultural robustness of Piedmont‘s Spiritual Transcendence Scale (STS, Piedmont, 1999) with regard to a sample of Czech students (N = 410). Means and variances of individual items as well as of the original scales (Prayer Fulfillment, Universality, and Connectedness) were found comparable, with differences well understandable in the context of general cross-cultural differences, especially of the dramatically higher explicit religiosity of the American population. Patterns of scale intercorrelations and alpha-reliabilities were also comparable. Exploratory factor analysis, using the same procedure as that of R. Piedmont, yielded factors similar to the original ones, with the reservation that two of them were less clearly differentiated from each other. This similarity could be improved by means of target rotation, especially if the principle of simple structure was given up, in favor of the fit in critical factor loadings. Confirmatory factor analysis, however, revealed only limited agreement in terms of statistical significance.

Keywords: spirituality, measurement, factor analysis, cross-cultural differences
Year: 2010, Volume: 52, Issue: 3 Page From: 243, Page To: 251

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