Home HOME Neoplasma 2011 Neoplasma Vol.58, No.2, p.140-145, 2011

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ISSN 0028-2685
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Neoplasma Vol.58, No.2, p.140-145, 2011

Title: Quantification of ZAP-70 expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: T/B-cell ratio of mean fluorescence intensity provides stronger prognostic value than percentage of positive cells

Abstract: Expression of ZAP-70 measured by flow cytometry belongs to the most powerful prognostic parameters in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, many technical factors such as setting of the positivity threshold may significantly influence results.. Quantification using mean fluorescent intensity (MFI) may eliminate the subjective error which is inevitable in the isotype control method. The aim of the present project was therefore to assess the prognostic significance of ZAP-70 using three different methods. Between 2005 and 2010 we measured ZAP-70 expression in 157 patients with CLL (108 males, 49 females, median age 60 years [range, 31-82]; low/intermediate/high Rai risk in 41/48/11%). Expression of ZAP-70 was determined by flow cytometry using phycoerythrin (PE)-conjugated monoclonal antibody, clone 1E7.2.
Evaluation was performed by 1) percentage of positive cells compared to isotype control (cut-off 20%), 2) MFI ratio of T-cells/CLL cells (cut-off 3.0); 3) MFI ratio of ZAP-70/isotype control on CLL cells (cut-off 2.5). MFI method with T-cells/CLL cells ratio was the best in the identification of patients with unfavourable outcome: ZAP-70 positive patients had significantly shorter time to treatment (TTT, median 24 vs. 55 months, p=0.0001) and overall survival (OS, median 97 vs 174 months, p=0.0074). The differences in TTT a OS were not significant with the use of isotype percentage and MFI isotype methods. Combined analysis of ZAP-70 with CD38 expression or IgVH mutation status lead to identification of a subgroup with the longest TTT and OS (ZAP-70 and CD38 negative, p<0.0001 and p=0.012; ZAP-70 negative and mutated IgVH genes, p<0.0001 and p=0.0019).
In conclusion, our results suggest that measurement of ZAP-70 expression in CLL by MFI using T-cells/CLL cells ratio might be the optimal method for accurate prediction of clinical course. Combined analysis of ZAP-70 with CD38 or IgVH mutation status further refined individual patient´s prognosis.

Keywords: chronic lymphocytic leukemia, ZAP-70 expression, mean fluorescence intensity, isotype control, prognosis
Year: 2011, Volume: 58, Issue: 2 Page From: 140, Page To: 145

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