Home Slovenská hudba 2010 Slovenská hudba, Vol. 36, No 2, p. 163-170

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Slovenská hudba, Vol. 36, No 2, p. 163-170

Title: Pedagogické působení Fryderyka Chopina
Author: Vladimíra Sláviková

Abstract: While F. Chopin is universally perceived as an ingenious composer, his influence as a pedagogue is in no way less important. As a child, Chopin was taught music by Czech musician Vojtěch Živný, who preferred J. S. Bach and W. A. Mozart’s works. The two giants, especially Bach, infatuated Chopin both with composition and teaching. He rejected pianistic educational practices of his time (“technique first, music later”); instead, he practised and in unfinished Sketches for a Piano Method presented his own ideas based on pedagogical legacy of 18th century. The main principle is: Work on technique cannot be separated from interpretation, development of musical intellect and creative fantasy. Vocal music presents the ideal and teaching heads towards its principles – phrase building, refinement of cantilene, rich articulation and preference of legato cantabile, new fingering principles stemming from aesthetic opinions and sound capabilities of piano, innovative use of pedal. To Chopin’s pupils belong Georges Mathias, who helped establish French piano school, and Karol Mikuli, an excellent long-time teacher and director at Lviv Conservatory. Chopin’s artistic and pedagogical legacy has been further developed by other piano schools; e. g. in 1930 K. Leimer and W. Gieseking published their Piano Technique (in Germany). The currentness of Chopin’s theses documents his pedagogical importance, comparable to that of the greatest music teachers.

Year: 2010, Volume: 36, Issue: 2 Page From: 163, Page To: 170

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