Home Slovenská hudba 2010 Slovenská hudba, Vol. 36, No 4, p. 318-329

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Slovenská hudba, Vol. 36, No 4, p. 318-329

Title: Poľské inšpirácie v tvorbe Romana Bergera
Author: Ľubomír Chalupka

Abstract: Studying the inspirations from the Polish ambience which have influenced the development of Slovak composer Roman Berger we may determine three sources of them. The first one is obvious from his biography: Berger comes from the family of a Polish evangelical priest active in Silesian borderland, who was persecuted during the Second World War as well as in the time of the following communist regime in Poland. In the early 1950s the family moved to Bratislava, where young Berger started to study piano playing and composition at the Academy of Performing Arts. There he had to face many dogmatic methods used in the preparation of professional musicians. Later during the so-called normalization of the 1970s he had to cope with his expulsion from the Slovak music life. Following the changes after the revolutionary year 1989 Berger revived his contact with the music-cultural surroundings in Poland both as a composer and writer.
The second source of inspiration from Poland may be found in particular compositions of Berger’s, beginning with his graduation work Transformations for large orchestra (1965), where his response to Polish composer W. Lutosławski’s music is audible. In his choral pieces he set to music the poetry of Polish poets (T. Różewicz, H. Jasiczek), the supreme composition being De profundis (1980), a philosophical protest against war and misunderstanding among people. In the time when Berger was accepted by the Polish music society a number of pieces inspired either by contemporary Polish poets (W. Szymborska, Z. Herbert), events (Korczak in memoriam, Post scriptum), or memories of homeland (Pesničky ze Zaolzia) increased, and by the way of using quotations he declared his respect to K. Szymanowski and W. Lutosławski.
The last source of Polish inspirations may be found in Berger’s theoretical and publicistic work. In his contributions he has followed e.g. the theory of the psychologist K. Dąbrowski; he has often quoted the statements of the Pope John Paul II. Berger’s ideas arise from a wide range of knowledge about current tendencies in humanities (psychology, sociology, theology), natural sciences (mathematics, physics) and formal disciplines (logic, cybernetics, systems theory, synergetics). His ideas are focused on the accentuation of the spiritual extent of the human creativity and ethics also in the realm of composition aiming at the increase of the cultural character of the modern society.

Year: 2010, Volume: 36, Issue: 4 Page From: 318, Page To: 329

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