Home FOR AUTHORS General Physiology and Biophysics 2011 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.30, No.4, p.342–349, 2011

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.30, No.4, p.342–349, 2011

Title: Substituted derivatives of indole acetic acid as aldose reductase inhibitors with antioxidant activity: structure-activity relationship
Author: Maria Juskova, Magdalena Majekova, Vassilis Demopoulos,  Milan Stefek

Abstract: Although multiple biochemical pathways are likely to be responsible for the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, substantial evidence suggests a key role for the polyol pathway and oxidative stress initiated by hyperglycemia. Thus aldose reductase, the first enzyme of the polyol pathway, has been identified as a potential target of pharmacological intervention to prevent diabetic complications. Aldose reductase inhibitors endowed with antioxidant activity would be dually beneficial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the structure-activity relationship of commercially available indole derivatives supported by the molecular modeling of their interaction with the enzyme aldose reductase from the viewpoint of the inhibitory effect on the enzyme and their antioxidant activity. The partially purified aldose reductase was prepared from rabbit eye lenses. In vitro inhibiton of the aldose reductase was determined by a conventional method. Antioxidant action of the compounds was documented in a DPPH test. Marked differences were recorded in the aldose reductase inhibition activities of 1- and 3-indole acetic acid derivatives. The interaction energies of the inhibitor vs. enzyme-NADP+ complexes, calculated by computer aided molecular modeling, were in agreement with the higher inhibitory efficacy of 1-indole acetic acid in contrast with 3-indole acetic acid. The more efficient 1-indole acetic acid was proved to create stronger electrostatic interaction with NADP+. However, the order of the antioxidant activities of the compounds studied was not in agreement with that of the inhibitory efficacies.

Keywords: Indole acetic acid — Aldose reductase inhibition — Antioxidant — Diabetic complications
Year: 2011, Volume: 30, Issue: 4 Page From: 342, Page To: 349

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