Home FOR AUTHORS General Physiology and Biophysics 2011 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.30, No.4, p.364–372, 2011

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.30, No.4, p.364–372, 2011

Title: Age-dependent ultrastructural changes of coronary artery in spontaneously hypertensive rats
Author: Martina Cebova, Frantisek Kristek

Abstract:  The age-dependent differences in basic cardiovascular parameters, geometry and structure of coronary arteries between Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were evaluated. SHR of the age 3-, 9-, 17-, and 52-week and age-matched Wistar rats were used. Blood pressure (BP) was measured by the plethysmographic method. Animals were perfused with a glutaraldehyde fixative under pressure of 90 mmHg (3-week-old) and 120 mmHg (9-, 17-, 52-week-old). Coronary arteries were processed for electron microscopy. The proportions and cross sectional areas (CSA) of extracellular matrix in intima and media, endothelial and muscle cells were determined by point counting method. Cardiac hypertrophy and except of 3-week-old rats also BP increase and coronary wall hypertrophy was found in all ontogenic periods in SHR compared to Wistar rats. Arterial wall hypertrophy was evoked by increase of CSA of medial extracellular matrix and smooth muscle cells. In 52-week-old SHR, CSA of muscle cells did not differ from that in 17-week-old SHR but the CSA of intimal and medial extracellular matrix significantly increased. The CSA of endothelial cells and CSA of intimal extracellular matrix were increased only in 52-week-old SHR. The independency between BP and trophicity of individual components of the coronary wall during ontogeny of SHR was documented. 

Keywords: Trace element — STZ-diabetic rat — Oxidative stress — Liver — Kidney
Year: 2011, Volume: 30, Issue: 4 Page From: 364, Page To: 372

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