Home Studia Psychologica 2011 Studia Psychologica Vol.53, No.4, p.373-384, 2011

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Studia Psychologica Vol.53, No.4, p.373-384, 2011

Author: Renata MARČIČ, Darja KOBAL GRUM

Abstract: Scientific study of gender differences and similarities is critical to understanding human behavior. In this research we focus on some key concepts of human functioning that are related to a vast number of phenomena: self-concept and its components. We included concepts about gender differences that have not been extensively examined, such as instability and contingency of self-esteem. 339 participants, aged from 19 to 63 years, filled out the following questionnaires: Adult Sources of Self-Esteem Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Instability of Self-Esteem Scale and Contingent Self-Esteem Scale. The results show that males and females do not differ in independent self-concept, self-esteem (level, stability, or contingency). Significant differences appeared mainly in the interdependent self-concept, which seems to show the effect of fundamental bio-socio-psychological influences. Other significant differences were in one aspect of independent self-concept and one aspect of contingent self-esteem.

Keywords: gender, self-concept, self-esteem, contingency, instability
Year: 2011, Volume: 53, Issue: 4 Page From: 373, Page To: 384

Price: 6.00 €

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