Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2012 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.31, No.1, p.65–76, 2012

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.31, No.1, p.65–76, 2012

Title: Pancreatic islets from dexamethasone-treated rats show alterations in global gene expression and mitochondrial pathways
Author: Letícia P. Roma, Kleber L.A. Souza, Everardo M. Carneiro, Antonio C. Boschero, José R. Bosqueiro

Abstract: Chronic administration of glucocorticoids (GC) leads to characteristic features of type 2 diabetes in mammals. The main action of dexamethasone in target cells occurs through modulation of gene expression, although the exact mechanisms are still unknown. We therefore investigated the gene expression profile of pancreatic islets from rats treated with dexamethasone using a cDNA array screening analysis. The expression of selected genes and proteins involved in mitochondrial apoptosis was further analyzed by PCR and immunoblotting. Insulin, triglyceride and free fatty acid plasma levels, as well as glucose-induced insulin secretion, were significantly higher in dexamethasone-treated rats compared with controls. Out of 1176 genes, 60 were up-regulated and 28 were down-regulated by dexamethasone treatment. Some of the modulated genes are involved in apoptosis, stress response, and proliferation pathways. RT-PCR confirmed the cDNA array results for 6 selected genes. Bax α protein expression was increased, while Bcl-2 was decreased. In vivo dexamethasone treatment decreased the mitochondrial production of NAD(P)H, and increased ROS production. Concluding, our data indicate that dexamethasone modulates the expression of genes and proteins involved in several pathways of pancreatic-islet cells, and mitochondria dysfunction might be involved in the deleterious effects after long-term GC treatment.

Keywords: Gene expression — Cell viability — Insulin secretion — Diabetes
Year: 2012, Volume: 31, Issue: 1 Page From: 65, Page To: 76

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