Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2012 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.113, No.6, p.384–388, 2012

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.113, No.6, p.384–388, 2012

Title: Primary healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding influenza immunization; 2006–2007 season adverse effect profile
Author: S. Mistik, E. Balci, F. Elmali


Objective: The objective of this study was to assess primary healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding immunization, as well as to evaluate the adverse effect profile for the 2006–2007 influenza vaccines.
Background: Influenza vaccination has been proven to have clinical and epidemiological benefits. However, its uptake in the general population and among healthcare workers has generally been suboptimal.  
Methods: Primary healthcare professionals of Kayseri were enrolled in the study. Of the 672 primary healthcare professionals in Kayseri, 552 (82 %) completed a questionnaire comprised of 19 questions. The study was performed in March 2007 following a campaign of the Ministry of Health of Turkey for influenza vaccination of primary healthcare workers.  
Results: Of the health professionals, 67 % (370) were women and 33 % (182) were men.

Overall, 420 (76.1 %; 95% confidence interval: CI = 72.3–79.5) health professionals reported that they had received influenza vaccine during the 2006-2007 influenza season.

Adverse effects were reported by 157 (28.4 %) health professionals. The adverse effects reported were fever (n=57; 13.5 %), muscle pain (n=60; 14.2 %), joint pain (n=40; 9.5 %), loss of appetite (n=16; 3.8%), headache (n=41; 9.7 %), cough (n=29; 6.9 %), malaise (n=76; 18.0 %), tiredness (n=41; 9.7 %), stuffiness (n=49; 11.6 %), sneezing (n=54; 12.8 %), sore throat (n=33; 7.8 %) and others, namely erythema, edema and abscess at the vaccination site, and lymphadenopathy (n=14; 3.3 %).

Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that primary health care professionals in our study group have been vaccinated with influenza vaccine in a reasonable percentage. There were no severe or serious adverse effects of the vaccine, the fact of which may be used to encourage both health professionals and patients of primary care (Tab. 3, Ref. 13).

Keywords: influenza vaccination, primary care, health professionals, adverse effects.
Year: 2012, Volume: 113, Issue: 6 Page From: 384, Page To: 388

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