Home Endocrine Regulations 2012 Endocrine Regulations Vol.46, No.3, p.167–186, 2012

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Founded: 1967
ISSN 1210-0668
E-ISSN 1336-0329

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Endocrine Regulations Vol.46, No.3, p.167–186, 2012

Title: Molecular and hereditary mechanisms of sensorineural hearing loss with focus on selected endocrinopathies
Author: I. Masindova, L. Varga, J. Stanik, L. Valentinova, M. Profant, I. Klimes, D. Gasperikova

Abstract: Hearing loss is one of the most widespread sensory disorders. The incidence of deafness in general population is 1:1000 newborns. About one half of the cases of the congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is inherited. Recessive mutations in the gap junction beta 2 (GJB2) gene are the most common genetic causes of the nonsyndromic SNHL. The GJB2 encodes a protein connexin 26 which forms a subunit of gap junction essential for the correct function of the inner ear. The syndromic SNHL is associated with a wide range of other symptoms, which encompass also dysfunctions of endocrine organs. The Pendred syndrome associated with the hearing impairment is characterized by a prelingual, bilateral sever to profound SNHL, goiter, and iodine organification defect. It is an autosomal recessive disorder, which develops due to mutations in pendrin, an anion channel encoded by SLC26A4 gene. Another important type of syndromic hearing loss is the Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness syndrome, which is caused by several mitochondrial DNA mutations. These mutations are clinically manifested by a hearing impairment with development of the diabetes in the adult age. Hearing impairment occurs during puberty when sensation of high frequency tones is affected following with further progress to profound bilateral sensorineural hearing impairment in the whole frequency range. This review deals with the molecular mechanisms of common genetic causes of the hereditary SNHL along with the selected endocrinopathies emphasizing that the DNA analyses along with the functional studies significantly contribute to the early SNHL diagnosis followed by personalized therapy and genetic counseling.

Keywords: hearing impairment, inner ear, connexin, Pendred syndrome, diabetes
Year: 2012, Volume: 46, Issue: 3 Page From: 167, Page To: 186
Price: 40.00 €

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