Home Slovenská hudba 2012 Slovenská hudba, Vol. 38, No 3, p.301-307

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Slovenská hudba, Vol. 38, No 3, p.301-307

Title: Klavírní dílo Josefa Bohuslava Foerstra
Author: Věra Kopecká

Abstract: Czech composer Josef Bohuslav Foerster is notable especially for his choral, opera, symphonic and chamber music. His list of works comprises 190 opuses from which 25 pieces are dedicated to piano – 14 piano cycles, 2 significant piano pieces (Masks of Eros and Osenice Suite) and 9 small pieces. Thus piano work does not form a negligible part of the composer’s output. We have to remember that the composer also transcribed for piano his orchestral and chamber pieces. Obviously piano occupied an important place in both Foerster’s work and life. Despite this it has not been particularly reflected yet from the music-theoretical aspect. J. Patzaková dealt with it only briefly (a chapter in her book Památník Foerstrův/Foerster’s Memorial, 1929) and Václav Holzknecht in one of the chapters of the book J. B. Foerster – jeho životní pouť a tvorba 1859 – 1949 / J. B. Foerster – His Life and Work 1859 – 1949, 1949). Foerster’s piano pieces are characteristic by their intimacy, by the frequent use of polyphonic texture, almost vocally conceived melodical line with simple rhythmical segmentation and characteristic miniature. In his piano pieces Foerster applies rather slower and mean tempos, as melodious lyrism is typical for his music. With the exception of his greatest works he does not use virtuoso texture, or so-called showy surfaces. He rather uses dynamics and harmonical tension for dramatic expression. The pieces in particular cycles are usually more spacious and boldly use music expressive devices. The major performing obstacle of Foerster’s piano pieces is the cumulation of changes in tempo, dynamics, agogics and expression.

Year: 2012, Volume: 38, Issue: 3 Page From: 301, Page To: 307

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