Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2013 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.114, No.3, p.172-176, 2013

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.114, No.3, p.172-176, 2013

Title: New promising potential in fighting atherosclerosis: HDL and reverse cholesterol transport
Author: E. Ginter, V. Simko

Abstract: Atherogenesis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality remain an outstanding population health risk. Its importance grows with rising affluence leading to obesity in the developing countries. Inspite of an enormous initial enthusiasm related to the breakthrough success with the statins, there remains a substantial residual risk of CVD. While statins are effective in lowering the low density lipoproteins, LDL (the „bad“ cholesterol), the residual risk is also related to unsatisfactorily low levels of high density lipoprotein, HDL (the „good“ cholesterol). It has been long known that low levels of HDL are associated with CVD as an independent risk factor. The original concept of a direct transfer of cholesterol from LDL to HDL has been proved to be oversimplified. Recent studies confirm direct participation of HDL in anti-atherogenesis by promoting the efflux of cholesterol contained in the foam cells that constitute atherosclerotic lesions. The challenge is to identify therapeutic interventions aimed at raising HDL, thus assisting statins that have until recently been mostly used as a monotherapy (Fig. 5, Ref. 26).

Keywords: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), reverse cholesterol transport, apoprotein apo A-I, apoprotein apo A-II, foam cells, anti-atherogenic action.
Year: 2013, Volume: 114, Issue: 3 Page From: 172, Page To: 176

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