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Neoplasma Vol.60, No.4, p.364-372, 2013
|Title: Low-concentration capsaicin promotes colorectal cancer metastasis by triggering ROS production and modulating Akt/mTOR and STAT-3 pathways|
|Author: J. YANG, T. Z. LI, G. H. XU, B. B. LUO, Y. X. CHEN, T. ZHANG|
|Abstract: Colorectal cancer (CRC), one of the most common human malignancies, is a major public health problem in the developed world. Capsaicin, widely used as a food additive and as an analgesic agent, is a major pungent ingredient of red pepper. Though capsaicin-induced apoptosis was previously reported in cancer cells, relatively little is known about the impact of capsaicin on other aspect of cancer cell behavior. In this study, we demonstrated that treatment with high-concentration of capsaicin (≥ 200 µM for SW480 and CT-26 cell lines; ≥ 25 µM for HCT116 cell line) inhibited CRC cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. In spite of no anti-proliferative effect, notably, low-concentration of capsaicin (100 µM for SW480 and CT-26 cell lines; 12.5 µM for HCT116 cell line) enhanced both migratory and invasive capability of these cells, which was validated by both in vitro and in vivo model. Further, we showed that 100 µM capsaicin induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT), up-regulated expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, and activated Akt/mTOR and STAT-3 pathways in SW480 cells. Finally, we showed that capsaicin-induced metastasis of CRC cells was mediated by modulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our findings are considered a significant step toward a better understanding of capsaicin-associated regulatory network on CRC cells.
|Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Capsaicin, ROS, EMT, Metastasis|
|Published online: 12-Apr-2013|
|Year: 2013, Volume: 60, Issue: 4||Page From: 364, Page To: 372|