Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2013 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.114, No.6, p.317-322, 2013

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345
 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.114, No.6, p.317-322, 2013

Title: The effects of nitrous oxide on vitamin B12 and homocysteine levels in methyltetrahydrofolate reductase gene mutation
Author: S. Hakimoglu, V. Hanci, Y. Hakimoglu, S. Cicek, S. Yurtlu, R. D. Okyay, H. Ayoglu, M. Can, G. Mungan, A. Dursun, I. Turan

Abstract:

 Background: We aimed to investigate the effects of nitrous oxide on plasma total homocysteine and vitamin B12 levels in patients with or without methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHRF) gene mutation.
Methods: After obtaining the ethics committee approval and written informed consents of patients, 93 patients between 18–70 years of age scheduled for surgery anticipated to last 1–4 hours were enrolled in the study. Patients with contraindications for nitrous oxide use were excluded. Preoperatively, blood samples were obtained from all patients for the determination of MTHFR gene mutation. Anesthesia induction was achieved with 3 mg.kg-1 of propofol and 1 µg.kg-1 of fentanyl. Anesthesia maintenance was performed with sevoflurane and with a carrier gas composed of 40 % O2 and 60 % N2O. Venous blood samples were obtained after venous canulation, and 24 hours after extubation for the analysis of plasma total homocysteine, vitamin B12 levels.
Results: Eighty-one patients were included in the study.

Postoperative vitamin B12 levels were found to be significantly lower when compared with their preoperative levels (p<0.05).

It was found that MTHRF gene polymorphism had no significant effect on postoperative plasma total homocysteine and serum vitamin B12 levels (p>0.05).

Postoperative plasma total homocysteine levels were found to be significantly different between patients with operation times under and over 3 hours (p=0.028).


Conclusions: We conclude that MTHRF gene polymorphism had no significant effects on postoperative plasma total homocysteine levels. However, we found that homocysteine levels might rise in patients who received general anesthesia with nitrous oxide for longer than 3 hours (Tab. 7, Ref. 26).



Keywords: nitrous oxide, general anesthesia, homocysteine, vitamin B12, methyltetrahydrofolate reductase.
Year: 2013, Volume: 114, Issue: 6 Page From: 317, Page To: 322
doi:10.4149/BLL_2013_067


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