Home HOME General Physiology and Biophysics 2013 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.32, No.3, p.361-369, 2013

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.32, No.3, p.361-369, 2013

Title: Transintestinal transport mechanisms of 5-aminosalicylic acid (in situ rat intestine perfusion, Caco-2 cells) and Biopharmaceutics Classification System
Author: Libuše Smetanová, Věra Štětinová, Dagmar Kholová, Martin Kuneš, Milan Nobilis, Zbyněk Svoboda, Jaroslav Květina


The aim of the study was 1) to estimate permeability of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), 2) to categorize 5-ASA according to BCS (Biopharmaceutics Classification System), and 3) to contribute to determination of 5-ASA transintestinal transport and biotransformation mechanisms.
The in situ rat intestine perfusion was used as an initial method to study 5-ASA transport.

The amount of 5-ASA (released from tablet) transferred into portal circulation reached 5.79 ± 0.24%.

During this transport, the intestinal formation of 5-ASA main metabolite (N-ac-5-ASA) occurred. N-ac-5-ASA was found in perfusate both from intestinal lumen and from v. portae.
In in vitro Caco-2 monolayers, transport of 5-ASA (10–1000 µmol/l) was studied in apical-basolateral and basolateral-apical direction (iso-pH 7.4 conditions). The transport of total 5-ASA (parent drug plus intracellularly formed N-ac-5-ASA) was linear with time, concentration- and direction-dependent. Higher basolateral-apical (secretory) transport was mainly caused by higher transport of the metabolite (suggesting metabolite efflux transport).

Transport of 5-ASA (only parent drug) was saturable (transepithelial carrier-mediated) at low doses, dominated by passive, paracellular process in higher doses which was confirmed by increased 5-ASA transport using Ca2+-free transport medium.

The estimated low 5-ASA permeability and its low solubility enable to classify 5-ASA as BCS class IV.

Keywords: 5-ASA — Transintestinal transport — In situ rat intestine perfusion — Caco-2 cells — Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS)
Year: 2013, Volume: 32, Issue: 3 Page From: 361, Page To: 369

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