Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2013 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.32, No.4, p.505–516, 2013

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.32, No.4, p.505–516, 2013

Title: ABT-737 accelerates butyrate-induced death of HL-60 cells. Involvement of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway
Author: Andrea Štefaniková, Katarína Kliková, Jozef Hatok, Peter Račay

Abstract: The aim of presented study was to determine effect of NaBu in combination with ABT-737 on cell survival of leukemic cell line HL-60. In addition, analysis of molecular mechanism of NaBu action with a focus on mitochondrial apoptosis was performed. Both NaBu and ABT-737 are inducing death of HL-60 cells with different kinetics. ABT-737-induced cell death is fast while NaBu-induced death preceded by cell cycle arrest in G2 phase is rather slow. Cell viability was significantly decreased after 48 hours of incubation with 2 and 5 mmol/l of NaBu while it was significantly decreased after 24 hours of incubation with 1 μmol/l of ABT-737 combined with 2 and 5 mmol/l of NaBu. Incubation of HL-60 cells with NaBu was associated with increased level of pro-apoptotic protein BIMEL and decreased levels of anti-apoptotic proteins of Bcl-2 family as well as GRP78 involved in ER stress signalling. It seems that ABT-737 accelerates NaBu-induced death of HL-60 cells due to mitochondrial apoptosis resulting from ABT-737-mediated inhibition of functions and NaBu-induced decrease of the levels of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins as well as due to accelerated decrease of GRP78 observed after the treatment of cells with combination of NaBu and ABT-737. The effect of combination of both drugs on survival of HL-60 cells seems to be synergistic at high concentrations of NaBu (2 and 5 mmol/) while it is rather antagonistic at concentrations of NaBu less than 1 mmol/l. Finally, it might be assumed that NaBu is capable to induce cell death with mechanisms independent from mitochondrial apoptosis.

Keywords: HL-60, sodium butyrate, ABT-737, Bcl-2 family proteins, GRP78
Published online: 26-Aug-2013
Year: 2013, Volume: 32, Issue: 4 Page From: 505, Page To: 516

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