Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2013 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.114, No.12, p.716-720, 2013

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.564


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.114, No.12, p.716-720, 2013

Title: Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans in the dental root canal and periapical infections
Author: J. Kovac, D. Kovac, L. Slobodnikova, D. Kotulova

Abstract: Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans in endodontic infections.
Methods: Samples for microbiological examination were collected from 32 patients with deep dental caries, infected dental root canal, or periapical infection.
Results: Cultivation of the dental samples yielded four strains of Enterococcus faecalis (12.5 %), and three strains of Candida albicans (9.4 %). All Enterococcus faecalis isolates were susceptible to ampicillin, one isolate was resistant to tetracycline, two to erythromycin and azithromycin (additional 2 had intermediate susceptibility), and one strain had intermediate susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin.
Conclusion: We conclude that Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans can participate in the dental root canal and periapical infections, and the use of effective irrigant solutions and intracanal medicaments active against these microbes is important in order to prevent endodontic therapy failures. Unexpected was the isolation of C. albicans from a nine-year-old child with periodontitis apicalis. This finding must draw attention to the possibility that even at such a young age, this microorganism could be a potential etiological agent in endodontic infections (Tab. 2, Ref. 34). 

Keywords: Enterococcus faecalis, Candida albicans, endodontic therapy, endodontic infections, endodontic microbiology.
Year: 2013, Volume: 114, Issue: 12 Page From: 716, Page To: 720

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