Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2014 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.2, p.80-82, 2014

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.2, p.80-82, 2014

Title: Treatment difficulty with acute GVHD – frequent cause of mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Author: J. Lukas, E. Bojtarova, M. Mistrik, J. Bujdak, L. Sopko, A. Hatalova, M. Martisova

Abstract: Objective: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
Methods: In this study, we have retrospectively evaluated the major risk factors for the development of aGvHD in 100 patients who underwent allogeneic transplantation at the University Hospital in Bratislava between January 2007 and December 2011.
Results: 29 patients acquired acute GvHD (Grade I – 12 patients, G II – 5 , G III – 3, G IV – 9). We proved a higher incidence of developing aGvHD in patients with unrelated donor type, TBI conditioning and cyclosporine (CsA) replacement with mycophenolate mofetil due to CsA nephrotoxicity, while other risk factors such as older patient age, the use of peripheral blood progenitor cells and donor/recipient sex mismatch were without statistical significance. The average time of onset of aGvHD has been 57 days (range 13–260) after HSCT. Corticosteroids were used as standard initial therapy with 52 % complete response (CR) rate, althoug the likelihood of response rapidly decreased with increasing severity of disease (G IV – 100 % refracterness). The response to primary therapy also correlated with overall survival. Patients with steroid-refractory aGvHD received a different second-line therapies (antithymocyte globulin, anti-TNFα antibody, anti CD52 antibody) with response rate 45 % (CR – 18 %, PR – 27 %).
Conclusion: Outcome for the patients with steroid-refractory aGvHD was poor, disease very often returned or progressed with one year mortality rate 81 % , that represents an important therapeutic problem (Tab. 2, Ref. 10).

Keywords: acute GvHD, risk factors, steroid resistence.
Year: 2014, Volume: 115, Issue: 2 Page From: 80, Page To: 82

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