Home Acta Virologica 2014 Acta Virologica Vol.58, No.1, p.61-68, 2014

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.58, No.1, p.61-68, 2014

Title: Expression of recombinant proteins in insect cells by their direct infection with Escherichia coli transformed with baculovirus bacmids
Author: X. YU, J. HUA, G. HU, J. ZHANG, L. MA

Abstract: The baculovirus-insect cell expression system (BES), one of the most popular systems for expression of eukaryotic proteins, was known to have drawbacks such as laborious manipulation of large-size baculovirus bacmids and the transfection procedure. These problems could be eliminated by direct infection of eukaryotic cells with nonpathogenic bacteria harbouring the respective gene – bactofection. However, it was unknown whether this system could be applied to insect cells. Therefore, in this study, the possibility of delivery of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene as a marker into the insect cell lines Sf9 and BmN-SWU1 using the above-mentioned approach with the Bac-to-Bac system was investigated. Using a simple co-incubation of Escherichia coli strains containing recombinant baculovirus bacmids with the EGFP gene and insect cells, it was possible to demonstrate the EGFP expression in these cells and to obtain high-titer recombinant baculoviral stocks. Furthermore, BmN-SWU1 cells proved more susceptible to the used E. coli strains than Sf9 cells. However, the co-expression of invasin and listeriolysin-O, known to enhance the E. coli-mediated gene delivery to mammalian cells, with EGFP, had no effect on insect cells. Summing up, this study proved that a heterologous gene can be efficiently delivered and expressed in insect cells by their simple incubation with non-pathogenic E. coli strains harboring recombinant baculovirus bacmids with the respective gene.

Keywords: baculovirus; bacmid; EGFP; Escherichia coli; insect cell
Year: 2014, Volume: 58, Issue: 1 Page From: 61, Page To: 68
doi:10.4149/av_2014_01_61


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