Home Acta Virologica 2014 Acta Virologica Vol.58, No.1, p.69-75, 2014

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.58, No.1, p.69-75, 2014

Title: Potential role of high-mobility group box 1 protein in the pathogenesis of influenza H5N1 virus infection
Author: X. Q. HOU, J. L. QIN, X. X. ZHENG, L. WANG, S. T. YANG, Y. W. GAO, X. Z. H. XIA

Abstract: During influenza A virus (IAV) (H5N1) infection, the levels of inflammatory cytokines are markedly elevated in the lungs of infected hosts. One of them, high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) functions in regulation of cellular transcription and activation of proinflammatory responses, but little is known about its role in viral infection. In this study, we attempted to address this question. Using an IAV (H5N1) – mouse model, lung tissues were analyzed for virus titer, expression of HMGB1 and other inflammatory cytokines and histopathological changes. Moreover, the effect of administration of HMGB1-specific antibody to the infected mice on these parameters was investigated. The results showed that the HMGB1 expression was induced on days 3–7 post infection (p.i.) and primarily localized to epithelial cells of alveoli and bronchioles. The HMGB1-specific antibody reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines and the survival rate, but did not influence the virus titer. Summing up, these data suggest that HMGB1 contributes to the pathogenesis of IAV (H5N1) infection in mice by inducing extensive inflammatory responses and severe pneumonia.

Keywords: HMGB1; influenza A virus (H5N1); pathogenesis
Year: 2014, Volume: 58, Issue: 1 Page From: 69, Page To: 75
doi:10.4149/av_2014_01_69


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