Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2014 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.8, p.469-473, 2014

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.8, p.469-473, 2014

Title: Current possibilities of cervical precancerous lesions screening in Slovakia: prevalence of high risk human papillomavirus in patients with cytological diagnoses of atypical squamous cells of unknown significance
Author: G. Kolnikova, M. Ondrusova, V. Repiska, R. Drobna, P. Marinova, I. Meciarova, J. Rampalova, F. Ondrias

Abstract: Introduction: It has been confirmed, that there is a causal relationship between persistent infection of high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and the development of cervical cancer. In population of women older than 30 years HPV infection becomes a significant etiological factor of precancerous lesion of the cervix, but HPV infection may spontaneously regress in the majority of the cases.
Patients and methods: The analysed study group consisted of 397 samples with cytological diagnosis of atypical squamous cells of unknown significance (ASCUS). All cases underwent HPV DNA testing using the Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) assay. We analysed prevalence of HR-HPV and a viral load expressed as relative light units/cut off ratio (RLU/CO) in different age groups with cytological diagnoses of ASCUS.
Results: The prevalence of HR-HPV with cytological diagnoses of ASCUS was detected in 44 %. The prevalence of HR-HPV between patients aged 17–29 and between patients aged 30–40 was 55 % and 48 % respectively and we detected significant reduction of prevalence (28 %) in patients older than 41 years.
Conclusion: Based on the results of presented study we assumed that age the 40 and over is crucial for the development of serious precancerous lesions in Slovakia, thus this age group is the most suitable for HPV triage of ASCUS. As a refinement of that type of ASCUS triage we recommend to add to the algorithm quantitative measurement of viral load in the specimens in the form of RLU/CO ratio (Fig. 3, Ref. 27).

Keywords: cervical cancer, ASCUS, management, HPV detection methods, clinical validation.
Year: 2014, Volume: 115, Issue: 8 Page From: 469, Page To: 473

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