Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2014 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.33, No.4, p.383–391, 2014

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.33, No.4, p.383–391, 2014

Title: Laser interferometric analysis of glucose and sucrose diffusion in agarose gel
Author: Sławomir Wąsik, Michał Arabski, Kazimierz Dworecki, Joanna Janoska, Jacek Semaniak, Karol Szary, Andrzej Ślęzak

Abstract: The paper presents the investigation results of glucose and sucrose diffusion in agarose gel studied with laser interferometry method and the results of fluorescence analysis of the macroscopic gel structure. The diffusion kinetics of these substances released from aqueous solutions of a molar concentration of 0.05 M into the agarose solutions of concentrations of 0.5% and 3% in two gravitational configurations of measuring system was analysed. In the first configuration the solute diffused according, whereas in the second one – opposite to the gravitational force. The diffusion was analysed in the time period between 120 and 2400 s with a time interval of ∆t = 120 s. We observed that the convective instabilities were damped well by the agarose gel, which gives the possibility of the interferometric studies of the diffusive transport for other substances in different gravitational configurations of the system. The time characteristics of glucose and sucrose fluxes in both configurations of the system and the gravitational polarisation coefficient values were obtained. The substantial differences in fluxes of glucose and sucrose diffused according and opposite to the gravitational force were observed. Additionally, we observed the differences between the diffusive fluxes of these substances in both configurations in dependence on the gel solution concentration (which is associated with gel porosity dependent on its concentration) and the kind of diffused substance.

Keywords: Laser interferometry — Diffusion — Convection — Substance flux — Agarose
Year: 2014, Volume: 33, Issue: 4 Page From: 383, Page To: 391

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