Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2014 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.33, No.4, p.393–401, 2014

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.33, No.4, p.393–401, 2014

Title: Biotransformation and nitroglycerin-induced effects on antioxidative defense system in rat erythrocytes and reticulocytes
Author: Snežana D. Marković, Nataša Z. Đorđević, Milena G. Ćurčić, Andraš Š. Štajn, Mihajlo B. Spasić

Abstract: The effects of nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate – GTN) are mediated by liberated nitric oxide (NO) and formed reactive nitrogen species, which induces oxidative stress during biotransformation in red blood cells (RBCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of GTN on antioxidative defense system (AOS) in rat erythrocytes (without) and reticulocytes (with functional mitochondria). Rat erythrocyte and reticulocyte-rich RBC suspensions were aerobically incubated (2 h, 37°C) without (control) or in the presence of different concentrations of GTN (0.1–1.5 mM). After incubation, concentrations of non-enzymatic components of AOS, activities of antioxidative enzymes and oxidative pentose phosphate (OPP) pathway activity were followed in RBC suspensions. In rat reticulocytes, GTN decreased the activity of mitochondrial MnSOD and increased the activity of CuZnSOD. In rat RBCs, GTN induced increase of Vit E concentration (at high doses), but decreased glutathione content and activities of all glutathione-dependent antioxidative enzymes; the OPP pathway activity significantly increased. GTN biotransformation and induction of oxidative stress were followed by general disbalance of antioxidative capacities in both kinds of RBCs. We suggest that oxidative stress, MnSOD inhibition and depletion of glutathione pool in response to GTN treatment lead to decreased bioavailability of NO after GTN biotransformation in rat reticulocytes.

Keywords: Antioxidative defense system — MnSOD — Nitric oxide — Nitroglycerin — Red blood cells
Year: 2014, Volume: 33, Issue: 4 Page From: 393, Page To: 401

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