Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2014 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.12, p.776-780, 2014

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345
 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.115, No.12, p.776-780, 2014

Title: Combined surgical treatment of lung cancer and heart diseases
Author: K. Kovacicova, N. Omran, J. Mandak

Abstract:

 Objective: The co-incidence of lung cancer and heart disease is increasing. This can be caused by population ageing, which has more co-morbidities and most likely due to the common etiological causes of both entities, i.e. smoking, hypertension and obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of simultaneously performed heart surgery and pulmonary resection in a selected group of patients.
Methods: From January 2002 to December 2011 we performed in our department 1115 pulmonary resections for lung tumor. Significant heart disease requiring surgical treatment was diagnosed in 21 patients from the whole group. In 12 patients, group A; simultaneous heart surgery and lung resection procedure were performed.
Results:

Group A consisted of 8 men and 4 women with the median age of 67.8 ± 5.9 years.

In this group, 10 lobectomy procedures and 2 wedge resections for pulmonary metastasis were done. Nine patients underwent coronary artery revascularization, 2 patients underwent mitral valve replacement and one patient underwent tumor removal from the left atrium. In 5 patients, extracorporeal circulation (ECC) was needed, the remaining 7 patients underwent myocardial revascularization using an off-pump technique.

Group B consisted of 7 men and 5 women with the age of 68.5 ± 7.4 years. Ten lobectomy procedures and 2 wedge resections were performed.


Conclusion: The risk of simultaneously performed lung resection and cardiac surgery is not high. Despite the certain differences in clinical indicators between group A and B, the safety of simultaneous procedure, in group A, was evident. Furthermore, earlier lung resection was enabled and the eventual complications from further surgical procedure were avoided (Tab. 5, Ref. 33).



Keywords: pulmonary resection, heart surgery, simultaneous heart and lung surgery, extracorporeal circulation.
Year: 2014, Volume: 115, Issue: 12 Page From: 776, Page To: 780
doi:10.4149/BLL_2014_150


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