Home Acta Virologica 2014 Acta Virologica Vol.58, No.4, p.374-379, 2014

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ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.58, No.4, p.374-379, 2014

Title: Roles of p38 MAPK in the regulation of the inflammatory response to swine influenza virus-induced acute lung injury in mice
Author: D. WEI, Z. H. HUANG, R. H. ZHANG, C. L. WANG, M. J. XU, B. J. LIU, G. H. WANG, T. XU

Abstract: Swine influenza virus (SIV), one of the most important zoonotic agents, is associated with major public health concerns. The current study was conducted to investigate the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) in the regulation of the inflammatory response to acute lung injury (ALI) induced by SIV of H9N2 subtype (H9N2-SIV) in mice. For this purpose, BALB/c mice were intranasally infected with 20 LD50 of H9N2-SIV (infected group), while non-infected mice served as control (control group). To assess the effect of p38 MAPK, its specific inhibitor SB203580 was employed followed by SIV infection (SB group). At various times after infection, mouse lungs were subjected to pathological and histological observations and detection of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 and phosphorylated p38 MAPK. The obtained results showed obvious inflammatory responses, injury and raised levels of inflammatory cytokines and phosphorylated p38 MAPK in the lungs of virus-infected mice. In the mice inoculated with the virus alone, the level of phosphorylated p38 MAPK increased from day 2 and peaked at day 6 post infection (p.i.). However, SB203580 caused lower increases in inflammatory cytokines and phosphorylated p38 MAPK and a milder lung injury. These findings indicate that the activation of p38 MAPK upregulated the inflammatory responses to H9N2-SIV-induced ALI, increased its severity and promoted the production of inflammatory cytokines.

Keywords: p38 MAPK; swine influenza virus; inflammatory response; acute lung injury; SB203580; mouse
Year: 2014, Volume: 58, Issue: 4 Page From: 374, Page To: 379
doi:10.4149/av_2014_04_374


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