Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2015 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.116, No.2, p.96-100, 2015

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.116, No.2, p.96-100, 2015

Title: The effect of melatonin on the liver of rats exposed to microwave radiation
Author: B. Djordjevic, D. Sokolovic, G. Kocic, A. Veljkovic, M. Despotovic, J. Basic, T. Jevtovic-Stoimenov, D. M. Sokolovic


Objectives: We aimed to clarify if melatonin treatment (2 mg/kg i.p.) may favorably impact the liver tissue in rats exposed to microwave radiation. The experiment was performed on 84 six-weeks-old Wistar male rats exposed for 4h a day, for 20, 40 and 60 days, respectively, to microwaves (900 MHz, 100–300 microT, 54–160 V/m). Rats were divided in to four groups: I (control) – rats treated with saline, II (Mel) – rats treated with melatonin, III (MWs) – microwave exposed rats, IV (MWs + Mel) – MWs exposed rats treated with melatonin. We evaluated oxidative stress parameters (malondialdehyde and carbonyl group content), catalase, xanthine oxidase, deoxyribonuclease I and II activity.
Background: Oxidative stress is the key mechanism of the microwave induced tissue injury. Melatonin, a lipophilic indoleamine primarily synthesized and released from the pineal gland is a powerful antioxidant.

Results: Exposure to microwaves caused an increase in malondialdehyde after 40 (p < 0.01), protein carbonyl content after 20 (p < 0.05), catalase (p < 0.05) and xantine oxidase activity (p < 0.05) after 40 days.

Increase in deoxyribonuclease I activity was observed after 60 days (p < 0.05), while deoxyribonuclease II activity was unaffected. Melatonin treatment led to malondialdehyde decrease after 40 days (p< 0.05), but surprisingly had no effect on other analyzed parameters.

Conclusion: Melatonin exerts certain antioxidant effects in the liver of rats exposed to microwaves, by diminishing the intensity of lipid peroxidation(Fig. 6, Ref. 32).

Keywords: melatonin, microwaves, liver, oxidative stress, DNAse.
Year: 2015, Volume: 116, Issue: 2 Page From: 96, Page To: 100

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