Home Neoplasma 2015 Neoplasma Vol.62, No.5, p.821-826, 2015

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Neoplasma Vol.62, No.5, p.821-826, 2015

Title: A 39-gene signature is associated with early occurrence of distant metastasis in primary lymph-node negative breast cancers


Risk factors of the development of distant metastasis in primary node-negative breast cancer patients are heterogeneous. Identification of patients at high risk of early distant metastasis is of important clinical significance. In the current study, using the already published datasets, we develop a gene signature that can robustly predict early distant metastasis for patients with primary node-negative breast cancer. We identified a 39-gene signature, which were associated with distant metastasis and shorter distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) in node-negative breast cancers. Using the survival prediction analysis method in BRB-Array tools, this signature can stratify patients into early- and late- distant metastasis subgroups with different DMFS in VDX training dataset (AUC=0.734, P < 0.01). And we further validated the reliability of the prognostic value of this 39-gene signature in another two independent breast cancer cohorts (NKI dataset, AUC=0.642, P<0.0167; TRANSBIG dataset, AUC=0.711, P<0.0167).

Furthermore, the early distant metastasis subgroups defined by the 39-gene signature exhibited a significant association with ER negative status and more aggressive molecular subtypes in all three datasets, and with poor differentiation status in two datasets. In summary, we developed a novel distant metastasis-related gene signature for predicting early occurrence of distant metastasis in node-negative breast cancers, what might be useful in making treatment decisions for these early metastasis patients.

Keywords: breast cancer, distant metastasis, gene signature, microarray
Published online: 03-Aug-2015
Year: 2015, Volume: 62, Issue: 5 Page From: 821, Page To: 826

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