Home Acta Virologica 2015 Acta Virologica Vol.59, No.4, p.369-379, 2015

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ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.59, No.4, p.369-379, 2015

Title: Simultaneous infection with gammaherpes and influenza viruses enhances the host immune defense
Author: L. ANČICOVÁ, M. WÁGNEROVÁ, J. JANULÍKOVÁ, A. CHALUPKOVÁ, Z. HRABOVSKÁ, F. KOSTOLANSKÝ, E. VAREČKOVÁ, J. MISTRÍKOVÁ

Abstract: We have studied the impact of simultaneous infection of mice with murine gammaherpesvirus (MHV) and influenza A virus (IAV) on the immune response and pathogenesis of both infections. After a persistent MHV-68 herpesviral infection had been established, the same mice were super-infected with IAV. Individual parameters of MHV infection (viral DNA detection in organs and blood) and numbers of leukocytes in lungs and spleens were determined. With regard to the assumed reactivation of MHV-68 (mainly in lungs, spleen, thymus and peritoneal exudate cells) we focused our attention on the detection of transcripts, typical either for lytic infection (ORF50) and/or for latency (ORF73). Herpesviral DNA was detected in above mentioned organs in several intervals during the acute phase of IAV co-infection, but the expression of monitored transcripts was lower, i.e. it has decreased. Though the reason for such limited expression during acute influenza superinfection remains unclear, it is unambiguous that lower MHV-68 expression was detected in lungs and peritoneal exudate cells (PECs) from 3rd to 10th day after co-infection with IAV. Furthermore, our study showed that the ongoing gammaherpesvirus latency in co-infected mice affected the number of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and neutrophils during the acute IAV infection and lowered their deviations from that of non-infected mice. Therefore, we suppose that co-infection with herpes and influenza viruses could be mutually beneficial for the host by promoting its defense against both viruses.

Keywords: murine herpesvirus; influenza A virus; co-infection; latency
Published online: 06-Dec-2015
Year: 2015, Volume: 59, Issue: 4 Page From: 369, Page To: 379
doi:10.4149/av_2015_04_369


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