Home Acta Virologica 2015 Acta Virologica Vol.59, No.4, p.380-388, 2015

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.59, No.4, p.380-388, 2015

Title: Simultaneous detection of papaya ringspot virus, papaya leaf distortion mosaic virus, and papaya mosaic virus by multiplex real-time reverse transcription PCR
Author: P. HUO, W. T. SHEN, P YAN, D. C. TUO, X. Y. LI, P ZHOU

Abstract: Both the single infection of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV), papaya leaf distortion mosaic virus (PLDMV) or papaya mosaic virus (PapMV) and double infection of PRSV and PLDMV or PapMV which cause indistinguishable symptoms, threaten the papaya industry in Hainan Island, China. In this study, a multiplex real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was developed to detect simultaneously the three viruses based on their distinctive melting temperatures (Tms): 81.0 ± 0.8°C for PRSV, 84.7 ± 0.6°C for PLDMV, and 88.7 ± 0.4°C for PapMV. The multiplex real-time RT-PCR method was specific and sensitive in detecting the three viruses, with a detection limit of 1.0× 101, 1.0× 102, and 1.0 × 102 copies for PRSV, PLDMV, and PapMV, respectively. Indeed, the reaction was 100 times more sensitive than the multiplex RT-PCR for PRSV, and 10 times more sensitive than multiplex RT-PCR for PLDMV. Field application of the multiplex real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that some non-symptomatic samples were positive for PLDMV by multiplex real-time RT-PCR but negative by multiplex RT-PCR, whereas some samples were positive for both PRSV and PLDMV by multiplex real-time RT-PCR assay but only positive for PLDMV by multiplex RT-PCR. Therefore, this multiplex real-time RT-PCR assay provides a more rapid, sensitive and reliable method for simultaneous detection of PRSV, PLDMV, PapMV and their mixed infections in papaya.

Keywords: papaya ringspot virus; papaya leaf distortion mosaic virus; papaya mosaic virus; multiplex real-time reverse transcription PCR
Published online: 06-Dec-2015
Year: 2015, Volume: 59, Issue: 4 Page From: 380, Page To: 388
doi:10.4149/av_2015_04_380


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